Sunday, April 8, 2012
Mauricio Lasansky was born October 12, 1914 in Buenos Aires, Argnetina, where his father worked as a banknote engraver. At the age of 19, Mauricio began to study painting, sculpture and printmaking at the Escuela superior de Bellas Artes (Buenos Aires). He came to the United States in 1943 on a Guggenheim Fellowship and spent the year studying the print collection at the Metropolitan Museum in New York. Renewal of the grant allowed him to work at Stanley William Hayter’s Atelier 17 where he focused on intaglio printing. In 1945 he was appointed lecturer in printmaking at the University of Iowa (Iowa City), where he established the first Master of Fine Arts printmaking program in the United States. In 1961 Time magazine called the University of Iowa the "printmaking capital of the U.S." and 40 years later the program Lasansky developed was still recognized as the country’s number one printmaking department (U.S. News & World Report.) His students went on to start their own print departments at places such as UCLA, Tulane, Michigan State, the Cleveland Institute of Art, and the universities of Texas, Minnesota, Kansas, and Illinois. Several of his students are represented in the Luther Fine Arts Collection, including Virginia Myers, John Page, Wanda Matthews, William Ellingson, David Driesbach, Andrew Rush, Rupert Kilgore, and David Kamm, to name only a few. Lasansky has been the subject of over 160 one-man shows, including the Palace of Fine Arts, Mexico City (1969), Whitney Museum of American Art, New York (1971), Dickinson College, Carlisle, PA (1972 & 74), and Third International Biennial Mexico (1980). His work is in the Chicago Art Institute, Museum of Modern Art (NY), Library of Congress (Washington, DC), Uffizi Gallery (Florence, Italy), Museum of Contemporary Art (Madrid, Spain), and over 100 university and gallery collections. Major holdings include the University of Iowa Museum of Art and the Cedar Rapids Museum of Art (IA). Several publications and videos focus on Lasansky and his work, including Made in America: 50 Years of Printmaking by Mauricio Lasansky (Springfield Art Museum, Springfield, MO, 1994), and Lasansky Printmaker (Kevin Kelly, producer and director, video, nd). A documentary video by Lane Wyrick, The Nazi Drawings, won Best Documentary and Best Director awards at the New York International Independent Film Festival in 2001. His numerous awards include five Guggenheim Fellowships (1943, 44, 45, 53 & 63), Distinguished Teaching of Art Award, College Art Association (1980), Nominated for Wolf Foundation Award in the Arts, Jerusalem, Israel (1982), Honorary Award in Arts & Humanities, Commission for the Aging (1983), and Academician, National Academy of Arts & Design, New York (1990). In 1999 was the 14th recipient of the Iowa Award, the state of Iowa’s highest citizen award. The award is bestowed by the Iowa Centennial Foundation approximately every five years. Past recipients include Herbert Hoover, Jay N. Darling, James Van Allen, George Gallup, Meredith Willson, and Simon Estes. Lasansky has received honorary doctorate degrees from Iowa Wesley College (1959), Pacific Lutheran University (1969), Carleton College (1979), and Coe College (1985). Through his teaching and innovative studio work, Lasansky was instrumental in the revaluation of printmaking as a creative rather than a reproductive process. Many of his works are extremely large and have the visual impact generally associated with paintings. Imagery ranges from figurative to abstract, with family members providing the subject for many pieces. Although his work can be playful, he is perhaps best known for images steeped in social commentary, including his series of Nazi Drawings and Kaddish prints which examine the brutality of Nazi Germany. The Luther Fine Arts Collection contains four prints by Lasansky, three of which were purchased through the Luther College Fine Arts Festivals in the 1960s. The other was part of a large group of works given to the college in 1997 by William Heintz.